As recently as three years ago, gay, lesbian, and bisexual Americans in the armed forces were forced to keep their sexuality a secret or risk being discharged—a risk that would become a certainty if attempting to marry a person of the same sex. Therefore, the idea of extending military spousal benefits to same-sex spouses was inconceivable. Fortunately, lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender, or LGBT, Americans have experienced historic progress over the past three years. And just this past summer, the Supreme Court struck down Section 3 of the Defense of Marriage Act, or DOMA, which forced the federal government to deny more than 1, federal benefits and protections to legally married same-sex couples that were freely available to different-sex couples.
US military accepts openly gay recruits
The Military's Ban Against Homosexuals Should Remain
Is it the uniforms? The adventurous khaki of a soldier in the desert? In public conversations, gays unfailingly draw upon the narrow and patriarchal discourse of the nation-state and the glory of war, as if these were righteous and just and pure. We wonder if they have shut their ears to the rising tide of anti-war sentiment across the world. And we wonder: Do these gays and lesbians feel the need to engage in fashion homo-geneity or are they suffering from cognitive dissonance? Against Equality is committed to archiving radical work from all parts of our collective queer history, which is as messy, complex, and complicated as any other.
Sexual orientation and gender identity in military service
Under the new policy, gay, lesbian and bisexual Americans could serve their country, as long as they kept their sexual identity under wraps. Meanwhile, the military continued to discharge thousands of gays and lesbians from service. Though the U. In the aftermath of World War I , the military made the act of sodomy a crime subject to punishment by a court-martial. As the nation prepared for World War II , and many psychiatrists classified homosexuality as a mental or behavioral disorder, potential servicemen began undergoing psychiatric screening as a part of the induction process.
By country. LGB service by country. Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender LGBT personnel are able to serve in the armed forces of some countries around the world: the vast majority of industrialized, Western countries, in addition to Brazil , Chile ,   South Africa , Israel , and South Korea.