Harar is among those cities in Africa that enjoy a mild climate throughout the year. The well-known 19TH century traveler, Sir Richard Burton, who was the first European visitor to enter what he called "forbidden city " left us a vivid memorable ten days in Harar. In his own words " Harar is not hot, cool but not cold" quoting a description of heaven-favored city, according to a Persian poet. He also compares it with the climate of the Italian city of Tuscany.
Dire Dawa is a commercial and industrial center in the Harar region, Ethiopia. As an industrialized city, the place is teeming with manufacturers of processed meat, textiles, vegetable oil, and cement. The city was founded in and quickly ended up to large trades. It has a wealth of pre-historic cave paintings that is recognized internationally.
Dire Dawa is the second largest city in Ethiopia with , people. The railroad could not reach the city of Harar at its higher elevation, so Dire Dawa was built nearby. It is a major hub for many ethnic groups in Ethiopia, especially the Afar, Oromo, and Somali.
Dire Dawa is one of two chartered cities astedader akabibi in Ethiopia the other being the capital, Addis Ababa. This chartered city is divided administratively into two woredas , the city proper and the non-urban woreda of Gurgura. It is said that the first to settle here were the Gurguras of Somalia who named the city Dira Dhawe or Dire Dawa which means in the Somali language "the place that Dir conquered or hit with his spear". Dire Dawa lies in the eastern part of the nation, on the Dechatu River , at the foot of a ring of cliffs that has been described as "somewhat like a cluster of tea-leaves in the bottom of a slop-basin.