Consuming alcohol during pregnancy can severely harm a developing fetus and may have lasting health and developmental consequences known as Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders FASDs. It is a lifelong condition and yet one of the most preventable causes of birth defects and intellectual disability. This article was co-authored by Mandolin S. Ziadie, MD. Categories: Baby Health. Learn why people trust wikiHow.
How to Recognize Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: 10 Steps (with Pictures)
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder FASD is a diagnostic term used to describe impacts on the brain and body of individuals prenatally exposed to alcohol. FASD is a lifelong disability. Individuals with FASD will experience some degree of challenges in their daily living, and need support with motor skills, physical health, learning, memory, attention, communication, emotional regulation, and social skills to reach their full potential. Each individual with FASD is unique and has areas of both strengths and challenges. Depending on the amount and the timing of alcohol exposure, a minority of infants exposed will also develop a characteristic pattern of facial features, and some will have a growth deficiency.
Drinking alcohol at any stage during pregnancy can cause harm to your baby and the more you drink, the greater the risk. View our Alcohol and pregnancy facts page for the full details of the CMO's advice about drinking alcohol in pregnancy. The condition was first identified in America in and how serious the condition is thought be related to how much alcohol a mother drank during pregnancy.
The team may also include an occupational therapist or educational specialist. However, in many cases it is important to have a geneticist evaluate the individual for other genetic conditions that may be present in addition to an FASD or that could mimic the presentation of an FASD. Because FASDs can affect the facial structure, growth, central nervous system, and other organ systems of the individual, appropriate medical referrals should be pursued as needed. For example, some individuals with FASD may have sensorineural hearing loss, vision problems or cardiac abnormalities that may require the help of additional specialists.