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Indiana Supreme Court public access case search - MyCase
The concept actually arose in the late nineteenth century when the first separate juvenile court was established in Chicago. Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Indiana, under the auspices of the "common law doctrine" also established a separate court to try children. It is here where the seeds of parens patriae, or protection for children against themselves or their parents began. With the common law system, the law is made not by legislators but by the courts and the judges. It is often referred to as the "unwritten law.
The origin of probation can be traced to English criminal law of the Middle Ages. Harsh punishments were imposed on adults and children alike for offenses that were not always of a serious nature. Sentences such as branding, flogging, mutilation, and execution were common.
On this day in , the Supreme Court hands down its decision in Miranda v. Arizona , establishing the principle that all criminal suspects must be advised of their rights before interrogation. Anything you say can, and will, be used against you in court of law. You have the right to an attorney.