The sinuses are air-filled spaces behind the bones of your face that open up into the nose cavity. They are lined with the same membrane as your nose. This is called the mucous membrane and it produces a slimy secretion called mucus to keep the nasal passageways moist and to trap dirt particles and bacteria. The maxillary sinuses are the largest of the sinuses and the ones most commonly affected by sinusitis.
Red flag symptoms in facial pain and possible causes. With advice on key questions to ask, investigations to conduct and when to refer. Allow the patient to describe their symptoms. Remember that the trigeminal nerve ophthalmic, maxillary and mandibular divisions conveys facial sensation and controls the muscles of mastication. The facial nerve innervates the muscles of facial expression and conveys taste from the anterior two thirds of the tongue.
Giant cell arteritis is an inflammation of the lining of your arteries. Most often, it affects the arteries in your head, especially those in your temples. For this reason, giant cell arteritis is sometimes called temporal arteritis. Giant cell arteritis frequently causes headaches, scalp tenderness, jaw pain and vision problems.
Back to Health A to Z. Cluster headaches are excruciating attacks of pain in 1 side of the head, often felt around the eye. Cluster headaches are rare. Anyone can get them, but they're more common in men and tend to start when a person is in their 30s or 40s.