As a fitness professional and an exam candidate, there is no way of getting around the fact that you need to know your anatomy! It is important to understand how the body moves and how muscles work together to generate movement. In other blogs, we looked at how to study anatomy, muscles that move the scapulae , the muscles that move the arm and the muscles of the core. Here, we will look at the muscles of the hip, knee and ankle joints. Because of the anatomical configuration of the hip, there are no true primary internal rotators of the hip.
The Anatomy of the Lower Leg Muscles
leg muscle and tendon diagram - Google Search | Muscle anatomy, Leg muscles anatomy, Leg anatomy
Supporting, balancing, and propelling the body is the work of the muscular system of the legs and feet. From the large, strong muscles of the buttocks and legs to the tiny, fine muscles of the feet and toes, these muscles can exert tremendous power while constantly making small adjustments for balance — whether the body is at rest or in motion. The powerful muscles of the hip, buttock, and pelvis actuate the flexible ball-and-socket hip joint. Located inferior to the knee are a number of muscles that move the ankle, foot, and toes. The calf muscles, including the gastrocnemius and soleus, join to form the strong calcaneal Achilles tendon of the heel and attach to the calcaneus bone in the heel. These muscles contract to plantar flex the foot — such as when standing on your tiptoes — and flex the toes. Shin muscles, such as the tibialis anterior and extensor digitorum longus, dorsiflex the foot and extend the toes.
Leg , limb or appendage of an animal , used to support the body, provide locomotion , and, in modified form, assist in capturing and eating prey as in certain shellfish, spiders, and insects. In four-limbed vertebrates all four appendages are commonly called legs, but in bipedal animals, including humans, only the posterior or lower two are so called. The bones of the human leg, like those of other mammals, consist of a basal segment, the femur thighbone ; an intermediate segment, the tibia shinbone and the smaller fibula ; and a distal segment, the pes foot , consisting of tarsals, metatarsals, and phalanges toes. For the actions of the major muscles of the mammalian leg, see adductor muscle ; biceps muscle ; gastrocnemius muscle ; gluteus muscles ; quadriceps femoris muscle ; sartorius muscle ; soleus muscle.
This is a table of skeletal muscles of the human anatomy. There are around skeletal muscles within the typical human body. Nevertheless, the exact number is difficult to define because different sources group muscles differently, e. The muscles of the human body can be categorized into a number of groups which include muscles relating to the head and neck, muscles of the torso or trunk, muscles of the upper limbs, and muscles of the lower limbs. The action refers to the action of each muscle from the standard anatomical position.