Social movements may focus on equal rights, such as the s movement for marriage equality, or they may focus on liberation, as in the gay liberation movement of the s and s. Earlier movements focused on self-help and self-acceptance, such as the homophile movement of the s. Although there is not a primary or an overarching central organization that represents all LGBT people and their interests, numerous LGBT rights organizations are active worldwide. The earliest organizations to support LGBT rights were formed in the 19th century.
LGBT rights in the United States
Court Rules Civil Rights Act Protects LGBT Workers From Discrimination
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender LGBT rights in the United States have significantly progressed over time, with the majority of the progress on LGBT rights having taken place in the late 20th century and early 21st century. While the United States Supreme Court has legalized many LGBT rights, they continue to vary by jurisdiction , and discrimination in jobs and housing is still legal in most states. The Equality Act , which is currently proposed in the United States Congress , would outlaw discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity nationwide. Since June 26, , sexual activity between consenting adults and adolescents of a close age of the same sex has been legal nationwide, pursuant to the U. Supreme Court ruling in Lawrence v. The United States has no federal law outlawing discrimination nationwide other than from federal executive orders which have a more limited scope than from protections through federal legislation. This leaves residents of some states unprotected against discrimination in employment, housing, and private or public services.
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Viewpoint: Civil Rights and Gay Rights
Gay rights movement , also called homosexual rights movement or gay liberation movement , civil rights movement that advocates equal rights for gay men, lesbians, bisexuals, and transsexuals; seeks to eliminate sodomy laws barring homosexual acts between consenting adults; and calls for an end to discrimination against gay men and lesbians in employment, credit lending, housing, public accommodations, and other areas of life. Religious admonitions against sexual relations between same-sex individuals particularly men long stigmatized such behaviour, but most legal codes in Europe were silent on the subject of homosexuality. Beginning in the 16th century, lawmakers in Britain began to categorize homosexual behaviour as criminal rather than simply immoral.
Last week, The Huffington Post reported on a new guide issued by Third Way, an "influential centrist Democratic group," for the purpose of helping lawmakers previously opposed to marriage equality take a public stance in support of the cause without earning the dreaded "flip-flopper" moniker. Not a bad idea, right? The document advises these new equality supporters to share their personal stories and those of family members and friends, emphasize that marriage is about love and commitment rather than engaging in a sterile discussion about rights, and meet people -- even those who currently oppose marriage equality -- where they are, knowing that they, too, have the potential to "evolve" on the issue. So far, so good. Lawmakers should also "exercise caution" in comparing the push for same-sex marriage to the civil rights movement and the fight for interracial marriage, the memo says.